02330cam a22003254a 450000100090000000300080000900500170001700600190003400800410005301000170009402000180011104000300012904100080015905000270016708200150019410000320020924500590024125000180030026400590031830000460037750400680042350504430049152008560093465000340179065000410182465000340186565000380189965000330193765000340197014970828EC-UrYT20200823174036.0s||||gr|||| 00| 00070817s2008 njua b 001 0 eng a 2007060388 a9780691125220 aEC-UrYTcEC-UrYTdEc-UrYT aeng00aQH541.15.S72bB65 200804a577.0151181 aBolker, Benjamin M.,d1967-10aEcological models and data in R /cBenjamin M. Bolker. aFirst Edition34aPrinceton, N.J. :bPrinceton University Press ,c2008. avii, 396 pages :billustrations ;c26 cm. aIncludes bibliographical references (page 369-382) and indexes.2 aIntroduction and background -- Exploratory data analysis and graphics -- Deterministic functions for ecological modeling -- Probability and stochastic distributions for ecological modeling -- Stochastic simulation and power analysis -- Likelihood and all that -- Optimization and all that -- Likelihood examples -- Standard statistics revisited -- Modeling variance -- Dynamic models -- Afterword -- Appendix: Algebra and calculus basics.3 aEcological Models and Data in R is the first truly practical introduction to modern statistical methods for ecology. In step-by-step detail, the book teaches ecology graduate students and researchers everything they need to know in order to use maximum likelihood, information-theoretic, and Bayesian techniques to analyze their own data using the programming language R. Drawing on extensive experience teaching these techniques to graduate students in ecology, Benjamin Bolker shows how to choose among and construct statistical models for data, estimate their parameters and confidence limits, and interpret the results. The book also covers statistical frameworks, the philosophy of statistical modeling, and critical mathematical functions and probability distributions. It requires no programming background - only basic calculus and statistics.24aEcologyxStatistical methods.24aEcologíaxMétodos estadísticos24aEcologyxMathematical models.24aEcologíaxModelos matemáticos24aEcologyxSimulation methods.24aR (Computer program language)