Polymer degradation and stabilization / W. Lincoln Hawkins.

By: Hawkins, W. Lincoln (Walter Lincoln), 1911-1992Material type: TextTextLanguage: English Copyright date: Berlin : Springer-Verlag, 1984Edition: First EditionDescription: xi, 119 pages : illustrations ; 25 cmISBN: 9783642693786 (pbk.); 9783642693762Subject(s): Stabilizing agents | Polymers -- Deterioration | Polymers | Chemical engineering | ChemistryDDC classification: 541.2254
Partial contents:
A) Introduction.- References.- B) Polymer Degradation.- I) Thermal Degradation in the Absence of Oxygen.- 1) Pyrolysis Mechanisms.- 2) Pyrolsis Reactions of Selected Polymers.- a) Pyrolysis of Polyvinyl Chloride.- b) Pyrolysis of Polyoxymethylene.- c) Pyrolysis of Polypropylene.- d) Pyrolysis of Copolymers and Polymer Blend.- II) Oxidative Degradation - An Historical Introduction.- 1) Thermal Oxidation.- 2) Photooxidation.- a) Outdoor Weathering.- b) Mechanisms for Photooxidation.- 3) Miscellaneous Degradation Reactions.- III) Recent Developments in Oxidative Degradation.- 1) Photooxidation of Polyethylene.- 2) Photooxidation of Polypropylene.- 3) Photooxidation of Blends of Polyethylene and Polypropylene.- 4) Thermal and Photooxidation of Polystyrene.- 5) Degradation of Bisphenol-A-Polycarbonate.- 6) Thermal and Photooxidation of Polyacetals.- IV) Degradation by Hydrolysis.- References.- C) Stabilization Against Non-oxidative Thermal Degradation.- I) Stabilization by Structural Modification.- II) Stabilization by Copolymerization.- III) Stabilization by Crosslinking.- IV) Stabilization with Additives.- References.- D) Stabilization Against Thermal Oxidation.- I) Hydrocarbon Polymers.- 1) Short-term and Long-term Antioxidants.- 2) Chain-breaking Antioxidants.- a) Free Radical Traps.- b) Labile Hydrogen Donors.- 3) Preventative Antioxidants.- a) Hydroperoxide Decomposers.- b) Metal Deactivators.- 4) Antioxidant Combinations.- a) Additive Effects.- b) Antagonistic Effects.- c) Synergism.- 5) Non-migrating Antioxidants.- a) Carbon Black as a Thermal Antioxidant.- b) Bound or Grafted Antioxidants.- 6) Stabilization by Structure Modification.- 7) Stabilization Against Burning.- II) Non-hydrocarbon Polymers.- References.- E) Stabilization Against Degradation by Radiation.- I) Stabilization Against Ultraviolet-Induced Degradation.- 1) Light Screens.- 2) Ultraviolet Absorbers.- 3) Radical Traps.- 4) Quenchers.- 5) Stabilizer Combinations.- 6) Stabilization by Polymer Modification.- II) Stabilization Against Ionizing Radiation.- References.- F) Stabilization Against Degradation by Ozone.- I) Stabilization by Waxes.- II) Stabilization by Antiozonants.- III) Stabilization by Structure Modification.- References.- G) Test Procedures.- I) Methodology.- II) Properties Used to Evaluate Degradation.- III) Test for Thermal Degradation.- 1) Methods for Measuring Nonoxidative Thermal Oxidation.- 2) Test Methods for Measuring Thermal Oxidation.- a) Test for Measuring Stability During Processing.- b) Tests for Measuring Long-term Stability.- IV) Weatherability Tests.- 1) Outdoor Weatherability Tests.- 2) Indoor Weatherability Tests.- V) Miscellaneous Test Procedures.- References.- H) Future Trends.
Abstract: The development of polymers as an important class of material was inhibited at the first by the premature failure of these versatile compounds in many applications. Polymers degrade by a wide variety of mechanisms, several of which affect all polymers through to varying degree.
Tags from this library: No tags from this library for this title. Log in to add tags.
    Average rating: 0.0 (0 votes)
Item type Current library Call number Copy number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Libro académico Libro académico Biblioteca del Campus
541.2254 H3148p 1984 (Browse shelf (Opens below)) Ej. 1 Available 002573
Libro académico Libro académico Biblioteca del Campus
541.2254 H3148p 1984 (Browse shelf (Opens below)) Ej. 2 Available 002574
Libro académico Libro académico Biblioteca del Campus
541.2254 H3148p 1984 (Browse shelf (Opens below)) Ej. 3 Available 002575
Total holds: 0

Includes index.

Includes bibliographical references.

A) Introduction.- References.- B) Polymer Degradation.- I) Thermal Degradation in the Absence of Oxygen.- 1) Pyrolysis Mechanisms.- 2) Pyrolsis Reactions of Selected Polymers.- a) Pyrolysis of Polyvinyl Chloride.- b) Pyrolysis of Polyoxymethylene.- c) Pyrolysis of Polypropylene.- d) Pyrolysis of Copolymers and Polymer Blend.- II) Oxidative Degradation - An Historical Introduction.- 1) Thermal Oxidation.- 2) Photooxidation.- a) Outdoor Weathering.- b) Mechanisms for Photooxidation.- 3) Miscellaneous Degradation Reactions.- III) Recent Developments in Oxidative Degradation.- 1) Photooxidation of Polyethylene.- 2) Photooxidation of Polypropylene.- 3) Photooxidation of Blends of Polyethylene and Polypropylene.- 4) Thermal and Photooxidation of Polystyrene.- 5) Degradation of Bisphenol-A-Polycarbonate.- 6) Thermal and Photooxidation of Polyacetals.- IV) Degradation by Hydrolysis.- References.- C) Stabilization Against Non-oxidative Thermal Degradation.- I) Stabilization by Structural Modification.- II) Stabilization by Copolymerization.- III) Stabilization by Crosslinking.- IV) Stabilization with Additives.- References.- D) Stabilization Against Thermal Oxidation.- I) Hydrocarbon Polymers.- 1) Short-term and Long-term Antioxidants.- 2) Chain-breaking Antioxidants.- a) Free Radical Traps.- b) Labile Hydrogen Donors.- 3) Preventative Antioxidants.- a) Hydroperoxide Decomposers.- b) Metal Deactivators.- 4) Antioxidant Combinations.- a) Additive Effects.- b) Antagonistic Effects.- c) Synergism.- 5) Non-migrating Antioxidants.- a) Carbon Black as a Thermal Antioxidant.- b) Bound or Grafted Antioxidants.- 6) Stabilization by Structure Modification.- 7) Stabilization Against Burning.- II) Non-hydrocarbon Polymers.- References.- E) Stabilization Against Degradation by Radiation.- I) Stabilization Against Ultraviolet-Induced Degradation.- 1) Light Screens.- 2) Ultraviolet Absorbers.- 3) Radical Traps.- 4) Quenchers.- 5) Stabilizer Combinations.- 6) Stabilization by Polymer Modification.- II) Stabilization Against Ionizing Radiation.- References.- F) Stabilization Against Degradation by Ozone.- I) Stabilization by Waxes.- II) Stabilization by Antiozonants.- III) Stabilization by Structure Modification.- References.- G) Test Procedures.- I) Methodology.- II) Properties Used to Evaluate Degradation.- III) Test for Thermal Degradation.- 1) Methods for Measuring Nonoxidative Thermal Oxidation.- 2) Test Methods for Measuring Thermal Oxidation.- a) Test for Measuring Stability During Processing.- b) Tests for Measuring Long-term Stability.- IV) Weatherability Tests.- 1) Outdoor Weatherability Tests.- 2) Indoor Weatherability Tests.- V) Miscellaneous Test Procedures.- References.- H) Future Trends.

The development of polymers as an important class of material was inhibited at the first by the premature failure of these versatile compounds in many applications. Polymers degrade by a wide variety of mechanisms, several of which affect all polymers through to varying degree.

There are no comments on this title.

to post a comment.